President: Enrique BOLANOS Geyer (since 10 January 2002)

Government System: Republic

Capital City: Managua

Population: 5,465,100 (July 2005 est.)

Climate: Tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

Internet Users: 90,000 (2002)

Telephone Users (mobile/cellular): 202,800 (2002)

Literacy (total population): Total population: 67.5%

Life Expectancy at Birth: Total population: 70.33 years

Natural Resources: Gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish.

Industries: Food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood.

Agricultural Products: Coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products.

Export Partners: US 64.8%, El Salvador 7%, Mexico 3.6% (2004).

Import Partners: US 22.6%, Costa Rica 8.5%, Venezuela 8.4%, Guatemala 6.8%, Mexico 5.8%, El Salvador 4.9%, South Korea 4.5% (2004).

Currency: Gold cordoba (NIO)

Flag Description: Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on the top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band.

To learn more about Nicaragua please click here: NICARAGUA


REFERENCE - used by permission:

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Fact Book. Retrieved January 18, 2006, from


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