The flag of Guatemala

President: Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo (since 14 January 2004)

Government System: Constitutional Democratic Republic

Capital City: Guatemala

Population: 14,655,189 (July 2005 est.)

Climate: Tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands.

Internet Users: 400,000 (2002)

Telephone Users (mobile/cellular): 1,577,100 (2002)

Literacy (total population): Total population: 70.6%

Life Expectancy at Birth: Total population: 69.06 years

Natural Resources: Petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.

Industries: Sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism.

Agricultural Products: Sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens.

Export Partners: US 53%, El Salvador 11.4%, Honduras 7.1%, Mexico 4.1% (2004)

Import Partners: US 34%, Mexico 8.1%, South Korea 6.8%, China 6.6%, Japan 4.4% (2004)

Currency: Quetzal (GTQ), US dollar (USD), others allowed

Flag Description: Three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles and a pair of crossed swords and framed by a wreath.

To learn more about Guatemala please click here: GUATEMALA


REFERENCE - used by permission:

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Fact Book. Retrieved January 18, 2006, from


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