The flag of Peru

President: Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique (since 28 July 2001).

Government System: Constitutional Republic

Capital City: Lima

Population: 27,925,628 (July 2005 est.)

Climate: Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes.

Internet Users: 2.85 million (2003).

Telephone Users (mobile/cellular): 2,908,800 (2003)

Literacy (total population): Total population: 87.7%.

Life Expectancy at Birth: Total population: 69.53 years.

Natural Resources: Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas.

Industries: Mining and refining of minerals and metals, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing, steel, metal fabrication.

Agricultural Products: Coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish.

Export Partners: US 29.5%, China 9.9%, UK 9%, Chile 5.1%, Japan 4.4% (2004).

Import Partners: US 30.3%, Spain 11.5%, Chile 7.2%, Brazil 5.4%, Colombia 5.2% (2004).

Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)

Flag Description: Three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna, cinchona tree (the source of quinine), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath.

To learn more about Peru please click here: PERU


REFERENCE - used by permission:

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Fact Book. Retrieved January 18, 2006, from


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